Timeline of Events

An overview of key GDPR events from proposal, amendment, approval, adoption to enforcement

Following a two year post-adoption grace period, the GDPR was fully enforced throughout the European Union in May 2018. Below is a short timeline of how the regulation reached the point where it is today.

Legislative Proposals

2015 – June 15th, the Council of the European Union approved its version in its first reading, known as the general approach, allowing the regulation to pass into the final stage of legislation known as the “Trilogue”

2014 – March 12th, the European Parliament approved its own version of the regulation in its first reading

2012 – January 25th, initial proposal for updated data protection regulation by the European Commission

Trilogue Timeline

2015 – December 15th, meeting covering:
Delegated and Implementing Acts (Chapter X)
Final provisions (Chapter XI)
Remaining issues

2015 – December 10th, meeting covering:
Delegated and Implementing Acts (Chapter X)
Final provisions (Chapter XI)
Remaining issues

2015 – November 24th, meeting covering:
All open issues from Chapter I to IX

2015 – November 11-12th, meeting covering:
Objectives and material scope (Chapter I)
Specific regimes (Chapter IX)

2015 – October 28th, meeting covering:
Independent Supervisory Authorities (Chapter VI)
Cooperation and consistency (Chapter VII)
Remedies, liability and sanctions (Chapter VIII)

2015 – October 15th, Trilogue covering:
Independent Supervisory Authorities (Chapter VI)
Cooperation and consistency (Chapter VII)
Remedies, liability and sanctions (Chapter VIII)

2015 – September 29-30th, meeting covering:
Data protection principles (Chapter II)
Data subjects rights (Chapter III)
Controller and Processor (Chapter IV)

2015 – September 16-17th, meeting covering:
Data protection principles (Chapter II)
Data subject rights (Chapter III)
Controller and Processor (Chapter IV)

2015 – July 14th, meeting covering:
Territorial scope (Article 3), Representative (Article 25)
International transfers (Chapter V), related definitions

2015 – June 24th, meeting covering:
Package approach: Objective of Luxembourg Presidency for the proposed directive
Agreement on the overall roadmap for Trilogue negotiations
General method and approach for delegated and implementing acts

Approval & Adoption

2016 – January
April 8th – Adopted by the Council of the European Union
April 16th – Adoption by the European Parliament
May – Regulation will enter into force 20 days after it is published in the EU Official Journal

2015 – December 15th, the Parliament and Council have come to an agreement, and the text will be final as of the Official signing to take place in early January of 2016.

Previous Legislation

1995 – October 24th, Data Protection Directive 95/46/EC created to regulate the processing of personal data​